What Happens During Surgery for Gender Reassignment?

What Happens During Surgery for Gender Reassignment?

Gender Reassignment

Gender reassignment refers to the process that’s executed when an individual feels like the gender in which they took birth doesn't align with the identity that they feel for themselves. It is a medical condition that is also known as gender dysphoria. 

This is where an individual takes the decision of getting a gender reassignment for themselves. 

Gender reassignment is a term that can be used to refer to those individuals who have done or are looking for either of the two:

  • Not looking to undergo any kind of medical treatment but wish to live in
    a different gender permanently, which differs from their birth
  • Have undergone, are looking to, or are already undergoing medical
    treatment for gender reassignment. 

What is Gender Reassignment Surgery?

Gender reassignment, or gender affirmation surgery, refers to a set of procedures that allow people to change their genders. Gender reaffirming options could be top surgery, bottom surgery, or facial surgery. 

Most individuals undergoing this surgery have shown good levels of satisfaction with their results, where they are at ease by how their body looks physically and that their quality of life has also improved post this procedure. 

What is the Need for a Gender Reassignment Surgery?

“Coming out” is a term that’s often used when it comes to telling people about an individual’s orientation. It can be considered as more of a transition, if you’re nonbinary, transgender, or even gender diverse, for that matter. 

There are surgeries through which you can:

  • Enhance or reduce the physical characteristics that pertain to the
    assignment of female gender at birth (AFAB).
  • Enhance or reduce the physical characteristics that pertain to the
    assignment of male gender at birth (AMAB).
  • Change the appearance of your genitals. 

Nonsurgical Gender Reassignment Procedures

There are many nonsurgical gender reassignment procedures, which include:

  • Masculine hormonal therapy:
    The therapy increases the masculine characteristics like facial hair,
    deeper voice, and increased muscle mass. 
  • Feminine hormonal therapy:
    This therapy increases the feminine characteristics like higher voice
    pitch, rounded hips, and bigger breasts. 
  • Voice Therapy: This procedure teaches communication and speaking skills which allow you
    to express your gender. 
  • Laser Hair Removal: To remove facial or body hair.
  • Puberty Blocking: This procedure delays the development of secondary characters
    usually developing during puberty. The instances can be changes in face
    structure, facial hair, and breast growth. 

What are the Types of Gender Reassignment Surgery?

When it comes to gender reassignment surgery, the types include: 

  • Vocal surgery that brings a change in your voice pitch. 
  • Facial reconstructive surgery for making the facial features more
    masculine or feminine. 
  • Genital surgery for reconstructing the genitals.
  • Chest surgery for removing the breast tissue for either a more masculine
    appearance  or enhancing the breast size to enhance the feminine

Surgery for People with AMAB

Instances for surgery in the context of people with AMAB, like transfeminine nonbinary people as well as transgender women, include:

  • Feminizing Top Surgery: You can add saline or silicone implants under the breast tissue to create fuller, better breasts. 
  • Penectomy: This procedure removes the penis. This surgery is a good option for individuals if you don’t wish to preserve tissue for feminizing surgeries like vulvoplasty or vaginoplasty. 
  • Facial Feminization Surgery: This surgery reshapes the tissue and bones in your face for producing features such as lower hairline, rounded jaw, fuller cheeks and a smaller Adam’s apple.
  • Ochiectomy: This surgery removes the testicles. It ultimately reduces the amount of testosterone that your body produces, leading you to require reduced amount of feminizing hormone therapy. This surgery can happen along with the srugery to remove the scrotum.
  • Vaginoplasty: This procedure uses the penile tissue as well as other genitalia to open up a vaginal canal. The surgery can also include construction of a clitoris or labia. 
  • Vulvoplasty: This surgery creates a part of the vulva, but not necessarily a vagina. 

Surgery for People with AFAB

Instances for surgery in the context of people with AFAB, like transgender men or transmasculine nonbinary individuals, include: 

  • Masculinizing Top Surgery: The surgery removes the breast tissue to form a flat chest. 
  • Facial Masculinization: The procedure reshapes the tissues and bones of the face to create features like a wide forehead, a more visible jawline, and a more pronounced Adam’s apple. 
  • Vaginectomy: It removes the vagina. Vaginectomy can be a preferred option for you if you don't wish to go for a bottom surgery like phalloplasty or metoidioplasty. In this process, the vaginal tissue is used to create your genitals. 
  • Phalloplasty: This surgical process involves using a flap of your skin from another region in your body to create an average-sized penis (5-6 inches), and is usually performed with scrotoplasty. 
  • Metoidioplasty: This process will involve the clitoris to form a penis. Before your surgery, you are provided with testosterone to increase the size of your clitoris to the size of a small penis, and is done with scrotoplasty. 
  • Scrotoplasty: This procedure involves the reshaping of the labia majora into a scrotum. Upon healing, you can get a silicone gel or even saline implants that have the look and feel of testicles. 

What Happens During Gender Reassignment Procedure?

Your surgeon will discuss in detail about what will be happening during your surgery. For most people, it’s a combination of multiple procedures. Irrespective of the procedures you choose, anesthesia will be administered for a process that you don’t feel any pain with. 

Your surgeon will, depending on the surgical process:

  • Create new structures from the existing tissue.
  • Restructure or completely remove organs or tissue. 
  • Inserting implants or grafts for tissue. 

Depending on the surgery or combination of surgeries that you decide, gender reassignment procedures could take anywhere from a single day to multiple sessions. Even after surgery completion, you will need to visit your surgeon for additional changes needed in your lifestyle. 

Gender Reassignment with Hera Hebe

With Hera Hebe, an expert team of surgery professionals is available for you round the clock to guide you and ensure your comfort before your surgery. Experience matters, given the complex nature of surgical processes, and Hera and Hebe tick that box with experts backed with years of relevant experience. 

Addressing Concerns: Common Misconceptions about Gender Reassignment Surgery

Welcome to HERA HEBE, where we value diversity and strive to provide comprehensive healthcare services to all people. We not only provide the best gender reassignment surgery in India, but also hope to raise awareness about common misunderstandings regarding gender reassignment surgery (GRS) to create understanding, support, and respect for the transgender community. By refuting these beliefs, we want to contribute to a better-educated and compassionate healthcare system.

Misconception 1: All transgender people have the same surgery.

One common myth is that all transgender people get the same sort of gender reassignment surgery. In truth, there are several surgical solutions accessible, each suited to the individual’s specific requirements and preferences. Our trained medical specialists collaborate with patients to select the best treatment option, which may involve chest surgery, genital reconstruction, or other gender-affirming operations.

Misconception 2: Gender Reassignment Surgery is just about physical changes.

Another common misperception is that gender reassignment surgery in Jaipur  only involves physical changes. Surgery is an important part of the gender affirmation process, but it is only one piece. Mental and emotional well-being are equally vital, and our hospital prioritizes complete treatment by offering support services including counseling and mental health resources.

Misconception 3: Gender Reassignment Surgery Is a One-Step Process

Contrary to popular belief, gender reassignment surgery is often a multi-step process that involves careful planning, consultation, and post-operative care. Our dedicated team of healthcare professionals is committed to guide patients through every stage of their journey, ensuring a thorough understanding of the process and realistic expectations.

Misconception 4: Everyone who identifies as transgender seeks surgery

It is critical to recognize that not all transgender people opt to have gender reassignment surgery. Gender identity is a personal and unique experience, and our hospital assists patients in making decisions about whether or not to undergo surgery. Regardless of the course chosen, we are committed to provide courteous and affirming treatment.

Misconception 5: Gender reassignment Surgery is just cosmetic.

Some misunderstandings come from the idea that gender reassignment surgery is a cosmetic treatment. In truth, many transgender people require medically essential procedures to fit their physical bodies with their gender identities. Our medical specialists prioritize our patients’ overall well-being, acknowledging the importance of gender-affirming operations in their life.


At HERA HEBE, we are committed to provide inclusive and compassionate treatment. By refuting prevalent myths about gender reassignment surgery, we seek to contribute to a more educated and supportive community. Our doors are open to everyone, and we are excited to be a trusted partner on your road to gender affirmation. If you have any queries or concerns, please do not hesitate to contact our specialists. We are determined to deliver you the best results for gender reassignment surgery in India.